Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reacting by-products.
Types of Fire
Ordinary Combustibles :
Wood, paper, cloth, trash and other ordinary materials.
Flammable Liquids & Gases :
Gasoline, oils, paint lacquer and tar.
Fires involving live electrical equipment
Combustible metals or combustible metal alloys
Fires in cooking appliances that involve combustible cooking media :
vegetable or animal oils and fats.
Fire Safety tips
1. Develop an emergency evacuation plan for your home. During a fire every second counts so it’s important that every member gets out of a burning building quickly. It’s also important to teach children to escape on their own if they have to.
2. Practise a fire drill with everyone in the family. Pay special attention to children, the elderly and individuals with disabilities.
3. Install smoke alarms. It is advised that a smoke alarm be placed in every room of the house. A smoke alarm is the only thing that can alert you and your family to a fire 24 hours a day. Smoke alarms are quite inexpensive and once working they greatly increase the chance of you surviving a deadly fire.
4. Conduct a fire-safety walkthrough on a regular basis.
- Keep lighters and matches out of the reach of children.
- Keep items that can easily catch on fire at least three feet from stove burners.
- Never leave cooking unattended.
- Be sure stove and small appliances are off before going to bed or leaving home.
- Check for worn wires and do not run cords under rugs or furniture.
- Do not overload electrical sockets.
- Never leave cigarettes unattended and never smoke in bed.
- Make sure cigarettes and ashes are out.
What to do in the event of a fire?
- Raise the alarm
- Call the fire department
- Cut off power supply
- Attack the fire (if you have adequate equipment available and training)
- Evacuate the building/facility
- Assemble at your meeting spot and account for everyone
Major fires in Antigua and Barbuda
- November 7th 1863 – A Portuguese rum shop burnt for 10 hours in St. Johns.
- 1944 – Most of St Johns was destroyed in what is known as “The Bryson Fire”.
- In 1991, Antigua experienced one of its most tragic events. Several homes were destroyed by fire in the Green Bay Hill area. A pregnant woman was burnt to death in one of the buildings. This is known as The King Obstinate fire.
- January 28th 1999 – Her Majesty’s Prison, built in 1735, was almost burnt to the ground. Prisoners had to be evacuated from the burning prison.
- June 10th 2012 – A fire at LIAT hangar destroyed one of two hangars, an aircraft and two office buildings.