This refers to steps taken before a hazardous impact to ensure an effective response.

Preparedness should include educating the public about threats to communities, what must be done to protect life, limb and property and a thorough understanding of the country’s disaster management system.

It also includes regular training, exercises, planning for effective response, communication with the public on disaster warnings and evacuation procedures as early as possible.

Knowing where your emergency shelters are and the procedures to follow during a disaster are important.

Being prepared helps reduce feelings of panic and anxiety.